电竞投注

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谢志民: 筚路蓝缕为女书

zaixiangguipilinzhuxiandefunvzhongwushengwuxidiliuchuanlebuzhiduoshaogeshijidenvshu,suizhezhuanjiamenwajueyanjiudebuduanshenruheyouguanxinwenmeitidexiangjibaodao,yuelaiyueduodehaineiwaixuerenduinvshuchanshenglenonghoudexingquheguangfandeguanzhu,yanjiunvshudexuerenyezhujianzengduo。jubuwanquantongji,youguannvshuwenhuayanjiudelunwenyou300duopian,nvshuzhuanzhuyichubanle30yuzhong。zaizheixielunzhuzhong,duinvshujiludeyuyan、nvshudeyuantou、nvshuchuangzhideshidai、nvshutixidexingzhi、nvshudezushudeng,yixiliezhongyaowentijinxingleguangfanershenrudetantao。xiezhiminjiaoshoujiushizaidianjingtouzhuguonvshuyanjiufazhanlingyuyouzhongyaoyingxiangdexuezhezhiyi,duidianjingtouzhuguonvshuxuekededianjingtouzhuyufazhanzuochuletuchudegongxian。

yi、nvshudianjidiyiren

电竞投注xiezhimin,sichuanshengzizhongxianren,1952niangaozhongbiyekaorulebeijingdaxuedongfangyuyanwenxuexijiudu。youyubeidadongyuxiyuanxidiaozheng,xiezhiminsuidongyuxibufendongnanyayuzhongdexueshengyiqidiaoruzhongyangminzuxueyuan(xianzhongyangminzudaxue)。zaixuexiao,xuexizhuangyu,zixueyuenanyuheeyu。xuexibutongminzu、guojiayuyandejingliweitarihouzaiyuyanxuefangmiandeyanjiudaxialejichu。

1956niandaxuebiyehou,xiezhimincanjialezhongguokexueyuanshaoshuminzuyuyandiaochagongzuodui,daoguangxicongshizhuangyudiaochayanjiu、zhuangwendechuangyanyujiaoxue。1958nian,tadiaoruguangxizhuangwenzhidaoweiyuanhuiyanjiushi,1980nianchudiaoruzhongnanminzuxueyuanzhongwenxi,congshiyuyanxuelilunjiaoxuejizhuangyu、tujiayuyanjiu,zhushupofeng。

1983nian3yue,xiezhimindiyicijiechudaolenvshu。dangshizhongnanminzuxueyuanzhengzhixizhexuejiangshigongzhebing(hourenwuhandaxuejiaoshou)congjiangyongdaihuilenvshudechaoxieziliaoheluyinziliao,jingyuyanzhuanjiayanxuequnjiaoshou(shirenzhongnanminzuxueyuanfuyuanzhang)jieshao,gongzhebingzhaodaolexiezhimin,xiwangtafenxijiandingzheizhongfuhaoshibushiyizhongwenzi,youshishenmeminzudewenzi。xiezhiminchucijiechunvshubianganjuezheizhongwenzifeichangqiyi,zaitingwanluyinyihouzheizhongganjuegengshen。suihoutaxiangyanxuequnjiaoshouhuibaoleyanjiuqingkuang,tarenweizheizhongdutedewenzimingxianshiyizhongshaoshuminzuwenzi,bingjianyinengzaizhongnanminzuxueyuanzhongwenxijinkuaichengliyanjiuzu,jinxingqiangjiu。5yue,youyanlaozhidao,zaizhongnanminzuxueyuanzhongwenxinanfangminzuyuyanyanjiushichengli“nvshudiaochayanjiuzu”,chengyuanyounanfangminzuyuyanyanjiushizhurenhetianzhen、xiezhiminhegongzhebing。tongnian9yue,xiezhiminhegongzhebingfujiangyong,youxiezhiminfuzenvshudeyuyanwenzifangmiandediaocha,gongzhebingfuzeyunvshuyouguanderenwenlishidiaocha。zaijiangyongxianyouguanlingdaodedalizhichixia,shoujidaoleyitao13jianliangwanyuzidenvshuwenziziliao,zheixieyuanshiziliaozhijinrengranbaocunzhe。

1987niankaishi,xiezhiminbakeyandezhongxinzhuanxianglenvshu,bianzhuyue139wanzide《jiangyong“nvshu”zhimi》。1989niandongtian,“funvyanjiucongshu”dezhubianlixiaojiangyugongzhebingzhaodaolexiezhimin,xiwangnengchuban《jiangyong“nvshu”zhimi》。weilezheibenshudeshunlichuban,xiezhiminzijishouzaichubanshezhengzheng3geyue。zhongyuzai5geyuehou,《jiangyong“nvshu”zhimi》shunlichuban,bingxunsuyinqijudafanxiang,xuduoxuezhelaixin,haiyoushujiaxinwenmeitibaodao,hongdongyishi。gaishuchubandedisannian,shimianshangyijingduanhuo,lianbeijingtushuguandouweinenggoudecishu。cihou,xiezhiminxianhoucanjialezhongguominzuguwenzinanfangpianxueshuyantaohui、hubeishengyuyanxuehuidijiujienianhui,bingzaihuishangfayan。tahailuxuzai《zhongyangminzuxueyuanxuebao》、《minzuyuwen》、《xinanminzuxueyuanxuebao》he《zhongnanminzuxueyuanxuebao》dengduozhongkanwushangfabiaoleshiyupianlunwen。

2000nian,meiguoniuyuede《zhongwailuntan》zongbianjiwangxingchudaozhongnanminzudaxuejinxingxueshudianjingtouzhu,xiwangnengfabiaoyixieyouguannvshudewenzhang。xiezhiminbianyuzoujianjun、yexumin、liqingfugongtongfabiaole《nanjiedezhongguonvshuzhimi》yiwen。suihouxiezhiminyouyuzoujianjun、yexuminheliqingfuyiqiqianwangjiangyongkaocha,zaikaochaqijian,jiangyongxianxianzhangzhangaiguodenglingdaofeichangzhongshi,meitianwanshangdouyutamenyiqizuotan。xiezhiminzaihuishangfayanzhichu“jiangyongnvshuyou‘wujue’: yi,tashishijieshangweiyidenvxingwenzi;er,tashiduchengtixideziyuanwenzi,yuxianjinjiandaodewenzishishangdesuoyoudeqitawenzidoumeiyouyuanyuan;san,tahenkenengshiyizhongfeichanggulaodewenzi,tadelishizhishaoyezaisanqiannianyishang;si,tashiguyuewenzideyizhongjieyiheyanbian;wu,nvshuyiziduoyin、yiyinduoyi。”qiangdiaolenvshushenmideqizhi,shenhoudewenhuadiyun,bingzhichukeyizaixianyoudenvshuyanjiuchengguojichushang,jinyibufajuenvshuzhongdewenhuaneihan,bingshizhishiyinglvyoukaifadexuyao。zheixiexinxiyinqilejiangyongxianzhengfuguanyuangaoduzhongshi。

电竞投注2001nian,xiezhimincanjialezhongguonvshuwenhuaqiangjiugongchengjiquanguonvshuxueshuyantaohui,bingzuozhongyaofayan。cicidahuiqudelejidadechenggong,huishangnidinglenvshuqiangjiugongchengdezhuyaorenwu: yi、bianzhuanchubanzhongguonvshuwenhuayanjiuziliaocongshu;er、chuangjiannvshuzhanlanguanhuobowuguan;san、zhaokaishoujiezhongguonvshuwenhuaguojixueshuyantaohui;si、kaifanvshuwenhualvyouye。zheixieqiangjiucuoshidezhidingduiqiangjiunvshuwenhuayouguanziliao,cushichuantongnvshuliuchuanyanxu,shenrukaizhannvshuwenhuayanjiu。tansuonvshuneizaiwenhuadiyun,qidaolebukehuoquedezhongyaozuoyong。congci,wushengwuxidiliuchuanlejiqianniandenvshu,zhongyucongshanqutongchangdenongjiafunvshouzhongbeiyingshangledayazhitang,zouxiangleshijie、zoujinlehaineiwaizhongduoxuerendeshuzhai,chengweixuerenmenyanjiuderemenhuati。

电竞投注xiezhimincengshuoguo: “dianjingtouzhudegongzuozhishiweihourenyanjiunvshuduozuodiandianjigongzuo。weiyideyihanshi,yanjiunvshuderenhenshao。nvshuliujidianjingtouzhuhaiyouxuduonanjiezhimi,mididequanbujiekaixuyaogengduoderenjiarujinlaiyanjiu,zhiyouzheiyang,caibuzhiyurangtashichuan,cainengrangtazaizhonghuaminzucanlandewenhuazhanglangzhongfachucuicandeguangmang。” zhengshibingchizhezheiyixinnian,caiyoulejin30nianduinvshuzizibujuandeyanjiu;yezhengshixinzhongjianchizhezheiyixinnian,tadeshixiancongweilikainvshu。xiezhiminduinvshuxuekefazhandegongxian,keweishi“bilulanlv,yiqishanlin”。

er、zhongyaonvshuyanjiuchengguo

电竞投注nvshuwenhuadeyanjiu,qijinyijinglile30duogeniantou。xuejieduinvshuwenhuafangmiandeyixiliewenti,jinxingleshenrudetantao,reliedelunzheng。zhurunvzideyuantouwenti、nvziyuhanzideguanxiwenti、nvzichuangzhideniandaiwenti、nvzijiludeyuyanwenti、nvzifuhaotixidexingzhiwenti、nvzidezushuwentidengdeng。lunzhengdecanyuzhebujinjinshizhuanjia、xuezhe,dangdidezhongxuejiaoshi、jiguanganbuyecanyulelunzheng。zheibiaomingnvshuwenhuadeyanjiu,yiriyiyinqirenmendexingquhezhongshi。

xiezhiminzuoweidianjingtouzhuguonvshuyanjiudezishenzhuanjia,shizuizaojiechunvshudeyuanshiziliaosoujizhe。taweidianjingtouzhuguonvshuyanjiudefazhanzuochulejudadegongxian,zainvshuyanjiushishangjuyouzhongyaodiwei。zi1983nianyunvshujiexiabujiezhiyuanzhijin,xiezhiminjiaoshouyanzhezheitiaojianxinnvshuyanjiuzhiluzhizhedizouxiaqukeyishijianweizhou,dazhifenweiyixiasangezhongyaoshiqi。

电竞投注1. nvshuziliaosoujiqi

1983nian5yue,youyanxuequnzhidao,zaizhongnanminzuxueyuanzhongwenxinanfangminzuyuyanyanjiushichengli“nvshudiaochayanjiuzu”。tongnian9yue,xiezhiminhegongzhebingfujiangyong,youtafuzenvshuwenzidiaocha,gongzhebingfuzeyunvshuyouguanderenwenlishidiaocha。zaizheicidiaochazhong,xiezhiminshoujidaoleyitao13jianliangwanyuzidenvshuwenziziliao。zheiduantianyekaochaqidejinglirangxiezhiminsoujidaoledaliangdenvshuyanjiudiyishouziliao,weiqirihoudenvshuyanjiudiandinglejianshidejichu。

tianyediaochayizhishiguanchuanyuxiezhiminnvshuyanjiushengyadeyitiaozhongyaoxiansuo,zaizheiyishiqiyihou,xiezhiminhaicengshucifunvshuliuchuanqu。weilezhaodaonvshuchuanren,tacengduocifanshanyueling;weiletanfangyisinvshudebeiwen,taxianxiedierushenyuan;shenzhiweilesoujigengduodenvshuziliao,buxibeiduzhizhuyaoshang……xinger,zheizhongzhongjianxinzhongjiumeiyoubaifei。jingguoduofangchafang,tahetongshizhongyuzhaodaoleliangweidongdenvshudechuanren: gaoyinxianheyinianhua。raner,youyuliangweinvshuchuanrenjunyishanglenianji,ruobuqiangzaitamenshishiqianjiangqisuozhangwodenvshuziliaoqiangjiuchulai,nvshujiangnanmianxiaoshiyushijianzhanghe。weici,xiezhiminfuchulejudadenuli: weileganshijian,tabaitianluyin、jilu,wanshangzhenglishoujidaodeziliao;shanqujingchangtingdian,wanshangtachangchangshijiuzhedoudademeiyoudengyiganjiudaolingchenyi、erdian……zhongyuzailiangweinvshuchuanrenshishizhiqian,banvshudequanbuyuanwen、luyinbaocunlexialai。zhengshikaozhezheixiexinkudelaidezhenguinvshuziliao,xiezhiminhetadetongshimenzaihuidaowuhanhou,jingguoyanjindifenxi、duibihejianbie,zhongyuchuanchuleyigehongdonghaineiwaidexiaoxi: nvshushimuqianshijieshangweiyidenvxingzhuanyongwenzi、yizhongjushihanjiandejihaoyinjiewenzi。

电竞投注zhijinweizhi,xiezhiminyixianhou15cidaohunandejiangyong、daoxian、jianghuaheguangxidefuchuandengnvshuliuchuanqukaocha。shoujidaochuantongnvshuzuopin650yupian(25wanyuzi)、dangdiyuyanziliaoherenwenlishiziliao40yuwanzi。tongguoduizheixieziliaodeyanjiu,xianhoufabiaole《lunnvshuwenzitixidexingzhi》《nvshuzhiyuanbuzaihanzikaishu》《nvshushiyizhongyujiaguwenyoumiqieguanxideshangdaiguwenzidejieyiheyanbian》《nvshucihuizhongdeguyueyudiceng》《nvshuyufajiegouzhongdeguyueyudiceng》、《nvshushiyizhongdulideziyuanwenzi》《nvshu——zhonghuawenhuazhongyouyigehuozhedeshijiexinggulaowenzhong》denglunwen30yupian。

duici,yiguzhumingyuyanxuejia、guojiayuweiyuanfuzhurenwangjunyanjiuyuanjixiezhimindexinzhongcengxiedao: “nijingguojiniandenuli,liufujiangyong,shoujidaojin10wanzidenvshuyuanjian,zhenglide63655zideziliao,bingtongjichudanzi1774ge,zuolezhuyin、duiyihenancinanjudejishi,yanjiuletadegeyouguanwenti。dianjingtouzhuyoudulenifabiaozaizhongnanminyuanxuebaoshangdeliangpianxueshulunwen,dianjingtouzhuduinideqinfennulihexueshuchengjiubiaoshizanshang。”

电竞投注2. nvshuziliaozhengliqi

zaijinglilenvshuxueshuziliaodeyuanshijileiyihou,xiezhiminjinrulenvshuziliaodezhenglijieduan。yingguoneiwainvshuaihaozhezhiqing,xiezhiminkaishiduisoujidaodeziliaojinxingzhengli,jiangduonianlaixinlaodechengguobianzhuancheng《jiangyong“nvshu”zhimi》yishu,gongkaichuban。zheibenshudechubanyinqiledangshinvshuyanjiujiedeqiangliefanxiang。cishubianrule223pian(shou)chuantongnvshuzuopin,yue139wanzi。zheixienvshuzuopinyounvshuliuchuanqujuminshouzangdenvshuchuanben,youyiguzhumingnvshuchuanrengaoyinxiandenvshuchuanchaojianhelaorenzijizhuanxiedenvshuzuopindeng,shixiandainvshudezuigaoshuiping。cishuduizheixienvshuzuopindesuoyounvzijunyangebaochiqixingtijiegouyuanmao。

cishufensangebufen: diyizhang,jiangyongnvshuziliaohuishi。gongbianrunvshuyuanwenshuxin31feng(2661ju)、xushishi19shou(876ju)、jiantie5feng(61ju)、kujiage56shou(355ju)、geyao41shou(947ju)、erge12shou(113ju)、miyu44ze(180ju)、daoshenshi1shou(25ju)、changbendengyiwen(zhuyaoshiyifangjianchangbenruliangshanboyuzhuyingtai、maihuanv、wangwuniangdengweilanben,bufenfanyi、bufengaixieerchengdenvshu)8fen(3521ju)。quanshugong9095ju,yue63665zi。culvedetongji,youdanzi1774ge。dierzhang,nvshuziliaocijujijie、cizhangshiduinvshuziliaozhongdenanci、nanjujizhongzhushibufen。disanzhang,nvshuliuchuanzhuangkuangjidangdidelishibeijingzhuyaojieshaojiangyongxiandelishiyange、jingji、wenhua、minzufenbu、yuyanwenzizhuangkuang,youqizhezhongjieshaonvshudeliuchuan、yijinvshuliuchuanzhongxin——shangjiangweixiangdeziranhuanjing、juminyuanliu、jingjidianjingtouzhu、fengsuxiguanyijiyuyanzhuangkuangdengdeng(zhezhongyuxinzhongguojianliqian)。

yiguzhumingyuyanxuejia、yuanzhongnanminzuxueyuanfuyuanzhangyanxuequnjiaoshouzaiwei《jiangyong“nvshu”zhimi》suozuodexuzhongzheiyangpingjiaxiezhiminzheibenzhuanzhudetedianjiyiyi: “zheibushuyoufeichangmingxiandetedian: (yi)yangedibaocunle‘nvshu’zideyuanmao,fangfakexue,zhixueyanjin;(er)neirongfengfu、guangfan,quanmiandifanyinglexiancun‘nvshu’dezhuangkuang;zaiwentishangbaokuole‘nvshu’: shuxin、shuqingshi、xushishi、jiantie、kujiage、geyao、erge、miyu、daoshenge、changbendengshizhongxingshi;zaineirongshangbaohanlejiushidaidangdifunvshenghuodegegefangmian,youqishiyizhongzhongbutongdexingshifanyingledangdifunvzaijiushidaidedijiandeshehuidiweijiqiduifengjianyaposuobiaoxiandefenmenyuduikang;(san)quanmianerxitongdifanyingledangdidezirandiliyurenwenlishi。zheijiubujinshirenleixuejia、minzuxuejia、yuyanxuejiahewenxueshijiajiangduizheibushutouyiqinglai,minsuxue、minjianwenxue,youqishifunvwenhuadeyanjiujiamen,yebijiangweizhierjiganxingqude。《jiangyong‘nvshu’zhimi》yishudejiazhishiduofangmiande,danqizhongzuizhongyaodejiazhidangshitajiaoweiquanmiandibaocunle‘nvshu’zheiyibinlinshichuandezuguozhenguidewenhuayichan;zaiyutaweixueshujieyanjiu‘nvshu’tigongleyizhengtaobianxizhunque、kaojiuxiangshi、quanmianerxitongdeziliao。benshudechuban,bijiangzaiguojixueshujiechanshengqiangliedefanxiang、congercujin‘nvshu’yanjiudexinfazhan。”

电竞投注zhumingxuezhe、zhongguoshehuikexueyuanlishiyanjiusuosuozhanglixueqinzaijihenanchubanshedexinzhong(1991nian12yue16ri)xiedao: “hunannvshushiyizhongteshudewenhuaxianxiang,duiyanjiuwenxueshi、wenzixuedengfangmianjunyouzhongyaodeyiyi,yiyinqiguoneiwaixueshujiedezhongshi。xiezhiminxianshengzheibushu,xitonggongbuledaliangnvshuziliao,bingduinvshuzuolebijiaoquanmiandeyanjiu,fuyuchuangjian,zainvshuyanjiushangshiyidagongxian。”《minzuyuwen》yuanfuzhubianluomeizhenjihenanchubanshedexinzhong(1991nian12yue)yecengzheiyangkendingxiezhimincishudejiazhi: “xiezhiminde《jiangyong‘nvshu’zhimi》yishuwenshi,jiyuyanxuejie、wenxueshijie、renleixuejietigongleyibucailiaoxiangshi、neirongfengfu、zhushizhunquede‘nvshu’ziliao……zheibenshudejiazhishiduofangmiande,tabijiangzaiduolingyuneifahuitadezuoyong。”

3. nvshuziliaozongjieqi

nvshuzifaxianzhijin,zhijinglileduanduan30lainiandeshijian,keyishuoshiyimenshangnianyoudexueke。zinvshuchuxianzairenmendeshixianqi,xiezhiminbianyizhizhiliyanjiuta。yiqiecongwudaoyou,gezhongjianxin,kexiangerzhi。zhizhituixiu,suinianshiyigao,dabingchuyu,xiezhiminrengzizibujuanyunvshuyanjiu,yejinrulenvshuyanjiudeziliaozongjieshiqi。

zhumingxixiawenyanjiuzhuanjia、ningxiashehuikexueyuanlishiyanjiusuosuozhanglifanwenzai《jiangyong“nvshu”zhimi》yishufabiaohou,zaijixiezhimindexinzhong(1991nian9yue1ri)xiedao: “‘nvshu’zhimizhongyubeininyongxuehanjiekai,yangyangbaiyuwanzi,houhousandaben,keweiji‘nvshu’zhidacheng。yongkexuelaikan,jiayizhuyin、shidu,zaizuguowenhuashiyezhong,nintianbulezheikongbai,lishijiangyongyuanjizhenindegonglao……congjiaguwen、jinwen、daobilaikaozheng,luzishiduide,zheibujinshiwenzifangmiandeguibao,yeshiyibuyanjiujiangyongfangyandekexuejuzhu,weiguoneiwaixueshujietigonglejiweifengfudeyuanshiziliao……dianjingtouzhujianyizaicijichushang,zaixiebu《nvshuzidian》huo《nvshuwenzibian》,1300duogedanzi,yiyizhuyin,shiyi,juli。zheijiangliufangbaishi。”2009nian5yue,xiezhiminde《zhongguonvzizidian》zhongyuzaizhongrendeqipanzhongchubanle。zheibenzidianyouminzuchubanshechuban,gongshounvzidanzi2345ge,suoshounvzijunchuziyoudiyidainvshuchuanrenshuxiedechuantongnvshuzuopin,meigezidouyangebaochilenvzizifuxingtijiegoudeyuanmao。ernvzidezhuyinzeyiyigunvshuchuanrengaoyinxian、yinianhuadeshijiduyinweiyiju,yinweinvshuduyinyudangdifangyanduyinbutong,zhiyounvshuchuanrendeduyincaishinvshudezhenzhengduyin。ciwai,《zhongguonvzizidian》anbushoubihuadeyitongfenlei,fenwei8lei,qixiayoufenwei64bu,cizhonghuafenfangfaweixielaoduchuang,shiqitanvshuzidiansuobujuyoude。

电竞投注zheibenzidiandebianzuancong1983niandenvshudanzihuibianjiyikaishi,zhi2006niandicaisuanwangao,lishi24nian。shiyongdecailiaobaokuo: (yi)bizheshoujide: 1983nianqianyicundenvshuzuopin25pian,36462zi;gongrendenvshuchuanrengaoyinxianlaotaitaichaocundenvshuzuopin390pian(shou),84008zi;gaoyinxianlaotaitaibenrenzhuanxiedenvshuzuopin45pian(shou),8937zi;yinianhualaotaitaichaocundenvshuzuopin117pian(shou),10287zi;yinianhualaotaitaizaoqizhuanxiedenvshuzuopin5pian,5294zi。gongjiyuanshichuantongnvshuzuopin592pian(shou),144988zi。(er)《zhongguonvshuheji》(zhaolimingbianzhu,zhonghuashuju,2005)diyice,yimingzuopin62pian,35000zi;dierce,gaoyinxiannvshuzuopin180pian(shou),62000zi(jugaishu《bianzhuanshuoming》suozuozishutongji)。

电竞投注youqizhidezhuyideshicishuzhangda40yedeqianyan,keyishuoshixiezhiminduonianlaiyanxinvshudechengguozongjie。zaiqianyanzhong,xiezhiminjiudangjinxueshujieyouguannvshurengcunguangfanzhiyidexuduowentijinxingletanyuan、bianzheng。qianyangongyousigebankuai,fenbiewei: yi、nvziyuantoudezhuisu;er、nvzichuangzhishidaidekaojiu;san、nvshuwenzitixixingzhidelejie;si、nvzizushuderenshi。dangran,chuleqianyan,zhidedianjingtouzhuzhuyidehaiyoushuqiandenvshubushou(ciwei《zhongguonvzizidian》duyou)heshuhoufuyoudetongyinzibiao、nvshuzibumingchengbiaohehanyupinyinduizhaobiao。keyishuo,《zhongguonvzizidian》dewenshiduiyudianjingtouzhuguodenvshuyanjiu,qidaole“yiqishanlin”dezhongyaozuoyong,weihourentigonglezuiyuanshi、zhenshidezhongyaoziliao,youzhelichengbeishidexueshujiazhi。


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